Important Regions Of Kansas


If you’re looking for agricultural land in Kansas, but don’t know what parts of the state might be best suited to you, this article is for you. You may think of Kansas exclusively as a flat prairie state with golden wheat swaying gently in the breeze, but the land in the state actually varies quite a bit from region to region. In fact, Kansas has eleven distinct regions, all of which have their own unique beauty and their distinct strengths and weaknesses when it comes to agriculture. For the purposes of this article, we will divide the state roughly in thirds and discuss the regions that exist in each third.

Western Kansas

Western Kansas is dominated by High Plains land with a narrow band of Arkansas River Lowlands. These lowlands follow the course of the Arkansas River, which flows through the state from west to east. Both of these regions produce strong yields in wheat, corn, sorghum, and cattle.

The High Plains counties of Kansas offer exceptional production, with average incomes per farm that are approximately triple the Kansas average across the region.

In the Arkansas River Lowlands, the strong production of the High Plains land is combined with greater opportunities for irrigation, leading to increased ability to grow water-intensive crops such as corn.

Learn more about Western Kansas here.

Middle Kansas

Six regions comprise the middle third of Kansas, two of which are High Plains and Arkansas River Lowlands (already mentioned above). The other four are the Wellington-McPherson Lowlands, the Smoky Hills, the Flint Hills, and the Red Hills. There is a fair amount of variety in what these different types of land can produce. The biggest region is the Smoky Hills, which is especially strong in the production of wheat, oats, and sorghum. The most productive regions are the Flint Hills (most notably Butler county, with strong yields in cattle, corn, and soybeans) and the Wellington-McPherson Lowlands, especially in Sumner County.

Learn more about Middle Kansas here.

Eastern Kansas

Eastern Kansas is characterized by smaller farms and more diverse options of what your land can produce. A major benefit you should note as you evaluate Eastern Kansas is that the state enjoys more rainfall the further east you go.

The northeastern region of Kansas is called the Glaciated Region. The southeastern region of Kansas consists mostly of a type of land called Osage Cuestas, interrupted briefly by a small fingerlike projection of the Chautauqua Hills, a narrow band of Cherokee Lowlands that crosses through four counties in the southeast corner of the state, and a tiny corner of Ozark Plateau land in the extreme southeast corner of the state.

In addition to the normal crops and livestock, Eastern Kansas offers the opportunity to grow orchards, berries, Christmas trees, and even cotton.

Learn more about Eastern Kansas here.

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